JACQUES-EMILE BLANCHE

Biography

January 31st, 1861: Jacques-Émile Blanche was born in Passy. His parents and grandparents were famous phychiatrists.

1873: Dr Blanche and his family settled down in a private mansion of rue des Fontis in Auteuil.

1875: First visit to Manet together with Edmond Maître, introducing him to the studio of Fantin-Latour. He bought some works made by Monet and Cézanne. It was the beginning of a significant painting collection, extending that of his father.

1879: He met Oscar Wilde. He accompanied Edmond Maître to the studio of Monet, where he bought La Chaumière. The Chalet du Bas-Fort-Blanc in Dieppe started to be built. The first works of Blanche were appreciated by Renoir.

1880: He decided to become a painter.

1881: He painted in front of Manet La Brioche, crucial painting for his career. He took painting lessons with Henri Gervex, a friend of his parents. He met Degas during the first selling ceremony of L’Atelier made by Courbet.

1882: His works were exhibited for the first time at the “Salon des artistes français” (Salon of French artists). He went to London with Gervex, Helleu and Rodin; he met Whistler, Besnard and Sickert.

1886: He met André Gide.

1887: He encountered again Whistler in London and joined the “New English Art Club”. Under the pseudonym James E. White, he gave his contribution to the “La Revue wagnérienne” and “La Revue indépendante”.

1889: He participated to the "Trente-trois" exhibition, at the Georges Petit gallery. He was granted with a special hall during the 5th exhibition of the “Société des Pastellistes”, against the framework of the Universal exhibition. He painted Étude pour le Portrait de Stéphane Mallarmé et de ses amis de La Revue indépendante (Study for the portrait of Stéphane Mallarmé and his friends of La Revue indépendante).

1890: He painted the portrait of his father, his mother and George Moore.

1891: He met Marcel Proust. He spent his summer at the Manoir des Frémonts, residence of Arthur Baignières, in Trouville.

1892: He painted the Portrait of Marcel Proust.

1893: His father died.

1895: He married Rose Lemoinne. He painted Rose Blanche laying down. His mother died.

1896: He rented for all summer and autumns the Tout-la-Ville castle in Saint-Martin-aux-Chartrains, located between Deauville and Pont L’Évêque, until 1901.

1897: He painted the portrait of the Jeune Fils du peintre Helleu (Young son of painter Helleu).

1900: Gold award at the Universal exhibition for Le Peintre Thaulow et ses enfants (Painter Thaulow and his sons).

1902: He rented the Manoir du Tôt in Offranville, where he stayed every summer.

1906: He rented a studio in London, where he worked constantly until 1910.

1909: He attended the first ballet show presented in Paris by the Ballets russes, of which he became the “mentor”. Several dancers posed at the painter’s house.

1912: Personal exhibition at the Venice Biennale. He painted the portraits of André Gide and Jean Cocteau in the garden of Offranville.

1913: He painted Étude pour le portrait d’Igor Stravinsky (Study for the portrait of Igor Stravinsky).

1919: Publication of Propos de peintres I, De David à Degas (prefaced by Proust).

1921: Blanche made a first donation of his works to the museum of Rouen.

1922: Publication of his first novel Aymeris, with fifty illustrations by the author. He painted Le Groupe des six (The Group of Six).

1923: Inauguration of the Blanche hall at the museum of Rouen. He painted Portrait en pied de Radiguet (Standing portrait of Radiguet).

1928: He released Propos de peintre III, De Gauguin à la Revue nègre, and Mes modèles et Passy.

1936: He started to write his memories in Portraits of a Lifetime published in English in 1937, followed in 1939 by More Portraits of a Lifetime.

1939: Death of Rose aged 79 in Paris. He left the Manoir du Tôt (requisitioned by the English command) and moved to Clos Bernard in Offranville.

1940: Offranville was bombed. He stopped painting for vision impairments.

1941: He wrote his memories, La Pêche aux souvenirs, as a complement to Portraits of a Lifetime and More Portraits of a Lifetime.

September 30th, 1942: Death of Jacques-Émile Blanche in Offranville. He was buried in the cemetery of Passy.