STYLES & ATMOSPHERES

Strolling around in Deauville, villas, manors and exceptional buildings reveal the history of this seaside resort. This diverse and, sometimes audacious, combination of styles illustrates Deauville’s unique creative identity.

An open-air museum !

 

© Béatrice Augier

The chalets

Finely carved wooden balconies and large windows

The term "chalet" has been used since the foundation of the seaside resort. These architectural references result from the “hygienist” movement of the mid-19th century. The importance of nature, fresh air, sea and forest established a new relationship with living environment and houses characterized by large windows. Examples: Villa Camelia – Boulevard Cornuché -Villa Sweet-cottage, 26 rue Jean Mermoz

© Béatrice Augier

Art nouveau & art déco

Rough concrete, shapes and mosaics

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Art Nouveau and Art Déco styles encountered the Anglo-Norman style of the city. These styles found great expression in deliberately modern buildings of Deauville. Examples: La poste, rue Robert Fossorier - Bains pompéiens bordering the Boardwalk - Point de vue, Place des six fusillés - Villa les Abeilles (15, boulevard Cornuché).

© Centre International de Deauville

The villas of the second Empire

Bricks and other materials

The most ancient and plain buildings are built in monochrome or polychrome bricks and their facades are enlivened with carved stone cladding, niches, pilasters or busts. Interesting effects are obtained through different roofings (attics, hipped roofs, penetrations, finials…) and materials used (natural or glazed terracotta, limestone and bricks, coloured faience, plasters and hexagonal rough stone. Examples: Villa Sainte Claire, head office of the Communauté de communes Cœur Cote Fleurie, 12, rue Robert Fossorier - Le Cercle, at the corner of the Rue Jacques Le Marois and the Boulevard Cornuché - Villa Suzanne, 11 Boulevard Cornuché.

© Delphine Barré

Historicist current

Eclecticism

The 19th-century architects were passionate for history. The highly eclectic seaside villas built at the time combined the Italian and Flemish classic styles. The 19th century strong passion for the medieval period, shared by theorists such as Viollet-Leduc, had a great influence. These historicist references strongly marked the architecture of the city. Example: Villa le Paradou, 83, rue Victor Hugo

© Sandrine Boyer Engel

The Norman style

Half-timbering, lozenge-patterned brickwork and colours

After this historicist movement, the Norman style was adopted in Deauville, born from the passion for several centuries of rural architecture in the Pays d’Auge: half-timbering, lozenge-patterned brickwork, painted wood and multiple roofs…Since the 1920s, the wooden decoration started to be painted on concrete. Examples: Normandy Hotel, Place François André - La Mairie (20, rue Robert Fossorier) - Villa Strassburger (1, Avenue Strassburger).